Tag: 上海后花园

3rd robbery reported in Derry City

first_img Twitter Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR 3rd robbery reported in Derry City Pinterest NPHET ‘positive’ on easing restrictions – Donnelly Twitter Facebook 448 new cases of Covid 19 reported today Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson center_img There has been another robbery in Derry.Last night a bookmakers shop at Meenan Square in the Bogside was targeted -this is the third robbery of a business premises in the area in the past  week .At approximately 6.45pm, a masked man, armed with a suspected firearm, entered the bookmakers premises and made off with a sum of cash.Cityside Councillor Patricia Logue says many of those working in local businesses very worried who will be targeted next: Pinterest Google+ By News Highland – December 20, 2011 WhatsApp Help sought in search for missing 27 year old in Letterkenny Previous articleDeputy McConalogue heckled at Letterkenny protest rallyNext articleBus Eireann rejects claim that fares are to cheap to Donegal News Highland Google+ Newsx Adverts WhatsApplast_img read more

SF Cllr claims he was verbally attacked at ‘Cant Pay Wont Pay’ meeting

first_img Google+ Newsx Adverts By News Highland – January 17, 2012 Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR SF Cllr claims he was verbally attacked at ‘Cant Pay Wont Pay’ meeting Twitter A Sinn Fein Councillor has hit out after he was verbally abused at a ‘Cant Pay Wont Pay’ public meeting in Burt.Cllr Jack Murray claims he was badgered off the stage by the organiser of the meeting before he even got a chance to speak.He has said that he and his party are in support of the ‘Cant Pay Wont Pay’ campaign and he cannot understand his actions.And Cllr Murray has called on Francis McCafferty, to explain his actions…….[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/jack1pm.mp3[/podcast] WhatsApp NPHET ‘positive’ on easing restrictions – Donnelly Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson center_img Pinterest Facebook Previous articleLetterkenny can become a “Dementia Friendly Town” – KavanaghNext articleCouple forced to flee their home in Derry after racist attack News Highland Facebook 448 new cases of Covid 19 reported today Help sought in search for missing 27 year old in Letterkenny WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest Google+last_img read more

Roundballers flock to Soccer Quest for Co-Ed Tournament

first_imgBy The Nelson Daily SportsThe Soccer Quest Facility was a beehive of activity Tuesday as roundball stars young and old entered teams in the annual Co-Ed Tournament. Six teams took to the floor Tuesday during round robin action.Each team is guaranteed four games during the two day event, quickly turning into a must play event for Nelson Youth Soccer grads at home during the Christmas Holiday break.Today the playoff round captures center stage.The final is set for 1 p.m. at the Soccer Quest Indoor Facility on Cedar [email protected]last_img

STABLE NOTES BY ED GOLDEN

first_imgTiago Pereira91715158%41%$388,617 Mike Smith36117131%53%$844,851 Drayden Van Dyke575789%35%$321,664 Fernando Perez831010812%34%$400,908 NYQUIST WORK ‘EXACTLY WHAT WE WANTED’            Kentucky Derby king Nyquist treated his fans to a public workout Saturday, recording his second breeze since finishing third in the Preakness Stakes on May 21, going five furlongs in 1:02.07 before the first race at Santa Anita.Regular rider Mario Gutierrez was aboard for the drill, which took place on a pristine track some 45 minutes before the first race of the day that went off at 1:32 p.m.Nyquist went the first quarter mile in a leisurely 26.08, then picked up the pace considerably to reach the half-mile marker in 49.20 before achieving a final time of 1:02.07.“It wasn’t super-fast, but it was exactly what we wanted,” trainer Doug O’Neill said after the work. “It was only his second breeze since the Preakness and I like the way he finished.“Our ultimate goal is the Breeders’ Cup Classic (at Santa Anita Nov. 5), so we’ll huddle up with the Reddams (Paul and Zillah) and the rest of the team and work backwards from that race. We’ll know more as we go along before coming up with a target race. He looked fantastic Sunday morning.”A decision on the next race for Nyquist may not surface for at least a week, because O’Neill is going on a rare and welcome vacation next week to Montana.“I’m looking forward to it,” he said. JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%ITM%Money Won Joseph Talamo11721171718%47%$1,318,943 Martin Pedroza741081214%41%$348,010 FINISH LINES: Champion females Beholder and Stellar Wind, first and second in the Grade I Vanity Mile on June 4, each worked Sunday at Santa Anita for a possible rematch in the Grade I Clement L. Hirsch Stakes at Del Mar on July 30. Beholder went five furlongs in 59 flat for Richard Mandella, while Stellar Wind went the same distance in 1:00.80 for John Sadler, who called the drill “perfect.” Said Mandella: “It was a little faster than I wanted, but it was a nice five-eighths.” . . . San Felipe Stakes winner Danzing Candy worked six furlongs in 1:13 for Bob Baffert, who has the son of Twirling Candy set for next Saturday’s Grade III Affirmed Stakes. Leading rider Rafael Bejarano has the mount in the 1 1/16-mile race for three-year-olds . . . Santa Monica winner Lost Bus, prepping for the $100,000 Spring Fever Handicap on Monday, July 4, worked three furlongs for Gary Sherlock in 36 flat . . . Multiple graded stakes winner Om, back with Dan Hendricks after being turned out, went three furlongs in 38 seconds flat . . . Firing Line, second to Triple Crown king American Pharoah in the 2015 Kentucky Derby, worked five furlongs in 1:00.20 for Simon Callaghan, who has the son of Line of David on course for a meeting with California Chrome in the San Diego Handicap on July 23 . . . Santa Anita clockers had a busy Sunday, with 324 recorded workouts, including 30 on the training track . . . Santiago Gonzalez rides at Monmouth Park today, piloting El Deal for trainer Andrew Lakeman in the $75,000 Mr. Prospector Stakes for three-year-olds and up at six furlongs . . . On Friday, July 1 through Sunday, July 3, the largest Asian-themed night market in the United States takes place at Santa Anita in the form of 626 Night Market. The growing entertainment tradition features merchandise vendors, games, food, music, and more. For more information, visit santaanita.com/events or www.626nightmarket.com . . . Santa Anita resumes live racing on Thursday at 1:30 p.m. There is free Grandstand Admission Thursday and Friday, along with free general admission parking. Santa Anita offers holiday racing on Monday, July 4, with first post time at 1:30 p.m. Admission gates open at 11:30 a.m. Flavien Prat11732181527%56%$1,609,331 Jerry Hollendorfer671371319%49%$923,743 TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%ITM%Money Won Tim Yakteen2458121%58%$191,698 James Cassidy4064515%38%$365,475 Mike Puype4794519%38%$278,530 AWESOME AGAIN NEXT RACE FOR MELATONIN?SONGBIRD WORKS FOR EAST COAST CAMPAIGNNYQUIST ‘FANTASTIC’ AFTER PUBLIC WORKOUTMICHAEL WRONA & THE GOLD CUP–THEN & NOW REMATCH LOOMS FOR BEHOLDER, STELLAR WIIND Philip D’Amato852216726%53%$1,459,838 (Current Through Saturday, June 25) Chad Lindsay5676913%39%$168,150 Stewart Elliott888879%26%$362,515 Brayan Pena5865710%31%$144,225 Santiago Gonzalez15617222511%41%$909,200 Kent Desormeaux4667313%35%$261,175 Peter Miller531012619%53%$454,420 Doug O’Neill848151810%49%$587,826 TWENTY SIX YEARS LATER, WRONA IS AGAIN SPOT-ON WITH GOLD CUP CALL            It was 26 years ago, June 24, 1990, when a newly arrived 24-year-old Australian race caller named Michael Wrona called the action as reigning Breeders’ Cup Classic Champion, Horse of the Year and past Kentucky Derby winner Sunday Silence went toe to toe with eventual Horse of the Year Criminal Type in the 50th Grade I Hollywood Gold Cup.Wayne Lukas and Jose Santos were to triumph that day by a head over Charlie Whittingham and Patrick Valenzuela in a Gold Cup for the ages.Fast forward to yesterday, and Wrona, now at age 50 and like the late Whittingham, devoid of “topside cover,” was back at the Gold Cup microphone for the first time since 1999–this time as the newly minted Voice of Santa Anita.“I have to admit, as I was doing my preparation for the race and then again as they were going to the gate, I did reflect back on that first one with Sunday Silence and Criminal Type,” said Wrona. “There was so much drama with that one and yes, there was a lot of pressure too, because here I was, the new kid on the block and I’m calling what turned out to be one of the biggest races of the year.“I’m just so thankful to Santa Anita for allowing me the opportunity to do this job and be in a position to again call races of this magnitude. If you talk to guys like Joe Talamo, Gary Stevens and Mike Smith, this is what our sport is all about. Getting the best horses in their respective divisions together and deciding things on the track.”While Wrona allowed that yesterday’s field wouldn’t be compared to some of the epic runnings of the Gold Cup, dating back to Seabiscuit’s win in the inaugural edition in 1938, his adrenaline was flowing at full speed as the stretch run unfolded.“In my mind, there was no question that Melatonin was the horse to beat,” he said. “When he took the lead turning for home after those soft fractions, you knew he was going to be extremely tough, but Gary Stevens had other ideas. I mean, he had Win the Space, the longest shot in the race, in a position to win with less than a furlong to run but Melatonin showed his class and was drawing off at the end.”Wrona described it thusly: “Melatonin’s the leader. He’s pulling away. Dave Hofmans has transformed this gelding into a star stayer! Melatonin wins from Win the Space…”“We’ve seen some great performances just at this Spring Meet alone,” said Wrona. “From Songbird winning the Summertime Oaks and Beholder winning both the Adoration and the Vanity, Melatonin validated his win in the Big ‘Cap with that win yesterday and he proved he belongs on the same stage with the best horses in the country.”Fittingly, Michael Wrona has proven himself a worthy successor to one of Santa Anita’s all-time greats as he sets the stage daily in his hard-earned role as The Voice of Santa Anita. Martin Garcia751261216%40%$640,734 Edwin Maldonado12822191317%42%$880,206 SONGBIRD BREEZES FOR EAST COAST SWINGSuperstar filly Songbird, preparing for a tour back East that will include the Grade I Alabama Stakes at Saratoga on Aug. 20, worked four furlongs under regular rider Mike Smith early Sunday morning in 49.20 for Jerry Hollendorfer, who won six races Saturday, three at Santa Anita and three at the Oak Tree at Pleasanton session.“It was just a real nice work,” said the Hall of Fame trainer who has sent out more than 7,100 winners. “She went off slow and finished up good. We were all happy afterwards.”Addressing Saturday’s six victories, Hollendorfer took it in stride. “We had a real good day,” he said. “We’re very grateful.”Asked if he had ever won six races in one day, Hollendorfer said, “I don’t remember.” Mario Gutierrez63613310%35%$514,010 Bob Baffert44119625%59%$676,085 Alonso Quinonez4656611%37%$212,040 Brandon Boulanger4451411%23%$120,740 Peter Eurton3984521%44%$474,835 MELATONIN ‘LOOKS GOOD,’ COULD WAIT FOR AWESOME AGAINMelatonin, racing’s newest “overnight sensation,” was resting on his expanding laurels Sunday at Santa Anita, where the son of Kodiak Kowboy is unbeaten in four races, including two Grade I’s, the Santa Anita Handicap and yesterday’s Gold Cup at Santa Anita.The growing fan base of the five-year-old gelding trained by David Hofmans for Susan Osborne’s Tarabilla Farms may have to wait three months to see their hero race again.“So far he looks good,” said Hofmans, back on the beat as usual with his assistant and nephew, Brent Fabbri. “He ate up last night which is a key thing, because horses that run as hard as he did sometimes don’t eat up.“I was very proud of him. That was his best race. He ran two seconds faster than his last race at a mile and a quarter (1:59.79 for the Gold Cup; 2:02 flat for the Santa Anita Handicap on March 12). I was very pleased with his effort yesterday.“I don’t have a race in mind for him right now. I’ve got to give him time, because he’s not that big a horse. Maybe the Awesome Again here. I don’t know. We’ll see.”The Awesome Again will be run at Santa Anita on Oct. 1.Melatonin had not raced for two months before the Gold Cup, having finished second to Effinex in the Oaklawn Handicap April 16.For the 73-year-old Hofmans, who celebrated his fourth wedding anniversary Saturday with his wife, Linda Murray, widow of the late, great Los Angeles Times columnist, Jim Murray, Melatonin’s surprising success was but one in the 42-year racetrack run for the Los Angeles native.Hofmans won the 2003 Breeders’ Cup Distaff with 40-1 shot Adoration; the 2008 Turf Sprint at 36-1 with Desert Code; and the $4 million Classic in 1996 with Alphabet Soup, who paid $41.70 in upsetting two-time Horse of the Year Cigar. Hofmans also saddled Touch Gold for Frank Stronach to win the 1997 Belmont Stakes, costing Silver Charm the Triple Crown.The Gold Cup was a Breeders’ Cup “Win and You’re In” race, insuring a fees-paid berth to the $6 million Breeders’ Cup Classic at Santa Anita on Nov. 5, waiving a $150,000 entry fee. John Sadler59951215%44%$724,773 Rafael Bejarano15439292625%61%$2,151,727 Mark Glatt6210131016%53%$385,206 Tyler Baze16628312617%51%$1,370,529 Richard Baltas5199918%53%$387,870 Richard Mandella3385524%55%$674,950 Patrick Gallagher2662123%35%$221,670 Robertino Diodoro1967132%74%$280,910 SANTA ANITA STATISTICS Steven Miyadi2556220%52%$168,675 Hector O. Palma2054025%45%$92,775 Simon Callaghan2653219%38%$250,320last_img read more

A Moment for Africa

first_imgThe Bab Ighli COP22 Village in Marrakech, Morocco, is expected to play host to several heads of state today, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf included, for the commencement of the High-Level Segment of the conference called the African Action Summit.The segment will take place with an opening ceremony in the presence of the King of Morocco, Mohammed VI, UN SG Ban Ki-moon, scores of heads of state and government and participating delegations. Most of the African heads of state are expected. The opening day’s segment will include the reading of the “Call of Marrakech,” which is a call to action that is the result of a highly inclusive consultative process among the parties.Today also marks the first session of the Conference of the Parties, serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA1).Following the historic announcement on October 5 by the United Nations that the threshold for ratification of the Paris Agreement had been achieved, leaders are now preparing to get down to discuss actions.It is no coincidence that the world has decided to converge in Morocco at this time because Morocco is one of the most progressive African countries on climate policy and action.In 2011, the kingdom revised its constitution to add the right to a healthy environment and sustainable development. Earlier this year, Morocco opened a massive array of solar energy, which is already serving 160-megawatts of solar power that will be increased to a 580-megawatt capacity.The US$9 billion solar power plant should be ready in 2018 to serve one million Moroccans with clean, sustainable electricity. By 2030, 52 percent of the country’s energy ought to come from renewable energy sources, as outlined in the kingdom’s current energy strategy.Morocco’s renewable energy initiatives are being propelled, partly, by the kingdom’s government phasing out subsidies in favour of solar and other renewable energies. Some 40 percent of the 33 million Moroccans living in the kingdom are currently engaged in agriculture, most of it small scale. These farmers can’t explain whether climate change is “man-made or carbon pollution,” but they certainly feel its effects like their African counterpartsacross the continent.There are also several other African countries such as Sudan, Ethiopia, and others in central Africa, as well as in the south-eastern corner and some parts of West Africa, that are suffering similar consequences of climate change such as severe droughts and reduced plant growth.This is why COP22 has been dubbed by many, especially the Moroccan government, as the “African COP.” COP22 President Salaheddine Mezouar has stressed that the voices of the African people desperately need to be heard.And moreover, this is why African leaders who are coming need to chart a better way forward to replicate what Morocco is or has been doing. Officially opening the conference last Monday, Mezouar, also Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation sent a strong message to world leaders calling for more action.Mezouar said the rest of Africa, especially Sub-Saharan Africa, must see the conference as critical with high expectations on climate finance, capacity-building, and technology transfer.He added that one of the major initiatives which will be the focus of COP22 is Morocco’s Adaptation of African Agriculture “AAA.” This initiative is designed to drive climate finance and technology solutions to smallholder farmers across Africa.Another major focus will be on building climate change resilience for poor and vulnerable countries. To this end, the Paris Committee on Capacity Building was established during the previous COP. With recent news that developed countries are on track to provide developing nations with US$100 billion a year to tackle climate change by 2020, climate finance will be a crucial component at these discussions. Meanwhile, Mezouar and UNFCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa held a joint press conference to mark the halfway point of COP22—taking stock of progress at the conference prior to the High Level Segment.Mezouar announced that 105 parties have now deposited their instruments of ratification of the Paris Agreement, constituting an important political signal in the fight against climate change.He also called on the remaining parties to follow suit. At the halfway point of COP22, slated to wrap up on November 18, the COP22 President spoke in a positive tone, saying, “Negotiations are exemplified by a highly inclusive and consultative process among all parties.”UNFCCC’s Espinosa disclosed at the conference that “more than 90 countries have moved from Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to formal Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).” Meanwhile, the UN Secretary-General will brief the press just prior to the opening of the High Level Segment of COP 22. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Upbeat Theophane eyes Mexican mission

first_imgAshley Theophane features on the undercard of Ricky Hatton’s return to the ring later this month – after which his next port of call could be Mexico.The Kilburn man will face Chris Truman at the Manchester Arena on November 24, when former world champion Hatton, who is coming out of retirement, takes on Vyacheslav Senchenko.Theophane was expected to meet Venezuela’s Johan Perez, ranked number six by the World Boxing Association, but the deal fell through.The clash with Truman, from Birmingham, will be Theophane’s first fight in the UK since a surprise defeat against Darren Hamilton saw him lose the British light-welterweight title in May.He bounced back with a victory in the United States, where he has been based for much of his career.A showdown with Perez could still happen in the future, while there has also been talk of a fight against Senchenko – himself an ex-world champion.And Lenny Daws, the man he beat to win the British title, recently won the European crown, possibly paving the way for a rematch.But Theophane, who has also boxed in Germany and St Lucia, plans to carry on globe-trotting in 2013, with Mexico a possible destination.He told West London Sport: “Daws now has the EBU belt, so maybe that could happen. I’ve fought on shows by Mick Hennessy, his promoter, in the past.“But to be honest, there aren’t too many fighters in Britain I’d be looking at. I’m more interested in fighting on the international stage.“There was Perez, and maybe that fight could be made. Plus I’ve been speaking to a promoter in Mexico and there could be a chance to fight there.“Then you’ve got Senchenko. If Ricky wins that fight, which I expect him to, then a fight could be made there too.“I’ve fought around the world and have shown I’m willing to travel, and that’s still the case.”Theophane must first dispose of Truman, who lost to Daws on points earlier this year but produced a performance which suggested he should not be taken lightly.“I’ve don’t know that much about him but he lost a decision to Daws and many ringside observers felt he won that,” Theophane said.“That tells you he’s a decent fighter and I’m going to have to be 100% on my game to beat him, which I will be.“I’m looking to get the victory and then push on in 2013. If I can get a knockout then great, but the main thing is getting that victory.” 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Leicester v Chelsea: Drogba & Cech play

first_imgDiego Costa is left out of the Chelsea squad because of his ongoing hamstring injury, so Didier Drogba starts up front, while Petr Cech is in goal. Oscar, who took a knock to the head in Sunday’s draw at Arsenal, is on the bench.Relegation-threatened Leicester City start with striker Jamie Vardy, who had to have a pain-killing injection in his foot to face Burnley on Saturday. Leicester: Schmeichel, Wasilewski, Huth, Morgan (c), Albrighton, King, Cambiasso, Drinkwater, Konchesky, Vardy, Ulloa. Subs: Schwarzer, De Laet, Hammond, James, Mahrez, Wood, Kramarić. Chelsea: Cech; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry (c), Azpilicueta; Ramires, Matic; Willian, Fabregas, Hazard; Drogba. Subs: Courtois, Filipe Luis, Zouma, Ake, Mikel, Oscar, Cuadrado. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

West Ham v Chelsea line-ups: Hazard and Matic start, Hammers make one change

first_imgChelsea have named an unchanged side for the first time this season for the trip to West Ham.Jose Mourinho has selected the same team that started the 0-0 Champions League draw in Kiev on Tuesday, meaning Kurt Zouma starts again at right-back.With Pedro injured, Eden Hazard plays, having missed the 2-0 win over Aston Villa last weekend and told to up his workrate.Nemanja Matic, another publicly cricised by Mourinho, also starts.West Ham have to make one change from the team that won at Crystal Palace last weekend.Victor Moses is ineligble to play against his parent club, so Manuel Lanzini comes in for him.West Ham: Adrian; Jenkinson, Tomkins, Collins, Cresswell; Kouyate, Noble; Lanzini, Payet, Zarate; Sakho. Subs: Randolph, Ogbonna, Obiang, Antonio, Carroll, Valencia, Jelavic.Chelsea: Begovic; Zouma, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Matic, Ramires; Willian, Fabregas, Hazard; Costa. Subs: Amelia, Baba, Mikel, Loftus-Cheek, Oscar, Traore, Falcao.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Darwin Myths Debunked – By Darwinist

first_imgAn aura of legend has enveloped the memory of Charles Darwin.  To many, the white-bearded father of evolutionary theory was like a saint on a white horse, rescuing science from an age of superstition.  The true history is much more interesting.    Darwin Day is coming next February 12.  It marks Darwin’s 200th birthday and also the 150th anniversary of the publication of his Origin of Species.  The Darwin Exhibition, a multi-million-dollar display produced by the American Museum of Natural History (09/22/2005), is making the rounds of major museums, culminating in the 2009 Darwin Bicentennial year.    Hiram Caton (Griffith University, Australia) felt compelled to pen “Getting Our History Right” when he saw the “Exhibition’s devotion to the legend at the expense of fact.” Here are six mythbusting theses Caton defended in his article:Publication of the Origin was not a sudden (“revolutionary”) interruption of Victorian society’s confident belief in the traditional theological world-view.The Origin did not “revolutionize” the biological sciences by removing the creationist premise or introducing new principles.The Origin did not revolutionize Victorian public opinion.  The public considered Darwin and Spencer to be teaching the same lesson, known today as “Social Darwinism”, which, though fashionable, never achieved dominance.Many biologists expressed significant disagreements with Darwin’s principles.Darwin made little or no contribution to the renovation of theology.  His public statements on Providence were inconsistent and the liberal reform of theology was well advanced by 1850.The so-called “Darwinian revolution” was, at the public opinion level, the fashion of laissez-faire economic beliefs backed by Darwin and Spencer’s inclusion of the living world in the economic paradigm.Where did Hiram Caton print this Darwin-deflating piece?  Not in a creationist magazine, but in Evolutionary Psychology.1  (See 06/06/2008.)  He is no creationist; he just worries that distorting publicity can backfire.  “As a cadre who bear a public trust to get the facts right,” he ended, “we are obliged to correct misrepresentations directed to schools at a time when evolution is under challenge.  Besides, science history that includes the quirks, baseless claims, cheating, and battles is more engaging than the sanitized history meant to instill unquestioning acceptance.”1.  Hiram Caton, “Getting Our History Right: Six Errors about Darwin and His Influence,” Evolutionary Psychology, www.epjournal.net – 2007. 5(1): 52-69.What, exactly, are we supposed to be celebrating next year?  Ineptitude?  The gullibility of the public?  The power of fashionable ideas to distort history?  The inability of reasonable scientists with their significant disagreements to stop bad ideas at their onset?  Darwin Day can still be a worthy holiday if we make these the lessons.  We agree with Caton; first, we have to get the facts right.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Antibiotic Resistance Is Shared, Not Evolved

first_imgGrowing evidence undermines commonly-cited examples of evolution happening right before our eyes.It’s becoming increasingly clear that organisms are in the business of preserving their information, not monkeying with it. Phys.org presented new work on “A catalog of DNA replication proteins,” describing a whopping 593 proteins that are involved in replicating DNA to make sure the copies are accurate.Maintenance of genome integrity—and prevention of diseases such as cancer—requires complete and faithful replication of the genome every cell division cycle.Published March 1, 2019Evolutionists glibly present genes as playthings of some mystical Tinkerer that cobbles things together to see what comes up. One example they have often cited is the “evolution of antibiotic resistance.” In creation-evolution debates, some evolutionists have used the “evolution of antibiotic resistance” as prime evidence for evolution happening right before our eyes. The argument usually goes that Darwinism has no problem inventing new functions from scratch. Actually, as Michael Behe showed in Darwin Devolves, such “evolution” involves breaking or blunting genes, like desperate sailors tossing things overboard to keep from sinking in a storm.Integrity with GenerosityNow, we are finding more and more that cells not only preserve their own information, but share information that can help other members of the species – or even members of other species – survive a crisis. That’s not evolution the way Darwin described it. It’s like sharing books with friends instead of writing new books.This microbe is spreading antibiotic resistance to other bacteria  (The Conversation). Most people have heard that antibiotic resistance is a growing threat, compromising our most valuable medicines for preventing infection. Sali Morris and James Horton recall the rise of a superbug called MRSA, a bacterium resistant to all our best antibiotics. Doctors have run out of options to defeat this threat, and are working feverishly to keep it from showing up in hospitals. Where did it come from?Scientists would later uncover that rather than acquiring resistance through a simple mutation, the MRSA had instead been gifted a huge chunk of new DNA. Within this string of donated genetic code were the instructions for proteins that would keep the bacteria safe from the destructive work of the antibiotic. MRSA had been dealt a winning hand, but where had this DNA come from?Morris and Horton say that a member of our own gut microbiota, Enterococcus faecalis, already has genes for antibiotic resistance. It only becomes a problem when all the other gut bacteria are swept away by antibiotics. Then, E. faecalis proliferates, because it is “intrinsically equipped with an arsenal of natural resistance mechanisms within its DNA, often allowing it to survive.” Not only that, it shares its knowledge!When humans come together we often exchange ideas through language. But when bacteria come together they can exchange information through DNA-encoded instructions. This is known as horizontal gene transfer, where copies of DNA move from one cell to another. Unfortunately, E. faecalis and its superbug compatriots have all the best information to share, information that allows them to survive antibiotics.Listeria bacteria under the microscope.These “nightmare bacteria” that resist all the antibiotics we have, an article on Science Daily says, are costing a fortune in efforts to fight. Doctors see a “chilling commentary” on the future of antibiotics. Perhaps the problem was that nobody understood the genetics of assumed evolutionary processes at the time penicillin was discovered in 1928. Antibiotics were viewed as “magic bullets” that fungi had evolved that would always neutralize infection. Now, seeing the bigger ecological picture, we’re watching sophisticated DNA-controlled machinery that can move between organisms, maintaining homeostasis in natural conditions. Hospitals are very un-natural environments where that DNA can get out of control, multiply, and cause harm.Secretion Systems: Weapons, or Sharing Tools?The cholera bacterium can steal up to 150 genes in one go (Science Daily). Some germs don’t only share information; they take it! The cholera bacterium, Vibrio cholerae, uses its Type VI Secretion System (T6SS) – a molecular machine a bit like a spear – to nab DNA from its host. Scientists at the World Health Organization (WHO) observed it hauling in 150,000 base pairs of information.V. cholerae uses its T6SS to compete with other bacteria in its aquatic environment and acquire new genetic material, which the pathogen absorbs and exchanges against some parts of its own genome. This mode of “horizontal gene transfer” leads to rapid evolution and pathogen emergence.They call this “evolution” but it’s more like theft of existing knowledge, like a person stealing books from a library. One of the researchers concludes that this method of sharing information might be very common in bacteria: “It suggests that environmental bacteria might share a common gene pool, which could render their genomes highly flexible and the microbes prone to quick adaption.” Nothing evolved that was not already present.Architecture of the mycobacterial type VII secretion system (Nature). The secretion systems bacteria use to share information can be very sophisticated. One of them, the Type III, has famously been compared to the bacterial flagellum, but is different – and it appeared after the flagellum, evolutionists confess, instead of as a transitional form. In this preprint, scientists share new findings about the Type VII secretion system, which “differs markedly from other known secretion machines.” Its coupling protein “comprises a flexible array of four ATPase domains [i.e., domains that use ATP for energy], which are linked to the membrane through a stalk domain.” Perhaps it’s time to see the broader ecological purpose of these sophisticated mechanisms of information transfer rather than view them only as human pathogens, which they become when out of place in the environment.Conservation: Where’s the Evolution?Bacterial twist to an antiviral defence (Nature News and Views, 8 October 2019). Karen Maxwell, determined to preserve evolution in her story, says “The discovery of an antiviral defence system in bacteria that shares some components with a key antiviral defence pathway in animals provides insight into how this important response might have evolved.” Might have? Maybe it didn’t evolve. Maybe scientists have found another mechanism for information sharing.Humans face a daily threat of infection by harmful viruses. To repel them, our immune system mounts an immediate response following invasion that depends on its ability to recognize general characteristics indicating that viruses are foreign entities. This type of reaction, generated by an ancient branch of the immune system known as innate immunity, occurs in all plants and animals. Many genes involved in innate immune responses are evolutionarily conserved and encode proteins that are used for defence purposes in different species. Writing in Nature, Cohen et al. report that some bacterial species fight viral infections by using an innate immune mechanism that is related to one of the central components of innate immunity in animals called the cGAS–STING pathway. Their findings reveal that this crucial antiviral defence system in animals might have its evolutionary roots in bacteria.Notice that no evolution really occurred, because the system is “evolutionarily conserved” [see Sophoxymoronia] between very different organisms. Her story, built on the Stuff Happens Law, implies that things evolve except when they don’t. Winston Ewert’s Dependency Graph Model, based on intelligent design concepts (see ENV), explains why a designed system would re-use software modules in different organisms.It’s a Gas! Communication NetworksPlants alert neighbors to threats using common ‘language’ (Science Daily). Here’s another amazing method of information sharing, this time between plants in the forest. Rather than sharing DNA via horizontal gene transfer, plants share information through chemical messages called volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Cornell scientists studied this method of information transfer in goldenrods in a northeastern ecosystem.The big finding is what Kessler calls “open-channel communication.” When plants are under attack, their smells — carried by VOCs — become more similar.“So, they kind of converge on the same language, or the same warning signs, to share the information freely,” Kessler said. “The exchange of information becomes independent of how closely related the plant is to its neighbor.”It’s as if the whole community works together for mutual benefit. This picture is very different from Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” mentality. Plants in a forest of different species would not be able to use this information unless they had (1) the genetic systems to create the VOC molecules on one end, and (3) the genetic systems to understand their meaning on the other end. Such a system of communication makes sense if designed with foresight, as Dr Marcos Eberlin has argued in his book, Foresight: How the Chemistry of Life Reveals Planning and Purpose.Dr Eberlin, a world-class Brazilian scientist, can be heard explaining his premise with examples on several episodes of the ID the Future podcast. He has hit on a good way to explain ID concepts in ways people can “get” easily, and has many examples in the podcasts and in the book. Remember that Darwinism has NO foresight at all. (Visited 477 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more