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Ramon Laureano honored as AL Player of the Week

first_imgHOUSTON — In the hours following the announcement of Ramon Laureano’s American League Player of the Week honor, Laureano took a light snooze in the A’s clubhouse at Minute Maid Park. A major series against Oakland’s toughest division foe was afoot, and no award would interrupt his unorthodox intense zen.“It’s cool,” Laureano said a while later of the award. “I enjoyed it for one minute because Bob told me to, but got to keep moving on. Today’s a new series, very important.”That’s typical …last_img

Eyesight: More Reasons to Be Thankful

first_imgSo much is going on in your body when you look at that sliced turkey and raise it to your salivating mouth, a human mind can only fathom bits and pieces of the story.  Everyone knows the eye is the quintessential example of a complex organ, but Current Biology1 focused on one of the wonders that occurs after the signal leaves the optic nerve.    Alexander Thiele (U of Newcastle upon Tyne) started by saying that we move our eyes more often than our heart beats.  Our eyes constantly jerk from side to side, without our even noticing.  This means the brain has to constantly stabilize a shaky input.  How does our brain cope with the constantly changing scene?When you watch a music video you are inundated with a seemingly incoherent and rapid stream of visual scenes, changing on average every 2.3 seconds.  Such a rate of change may appear fast to an old fashioned television consumer, but it is still about seven times slower than the rate of scene change imposed by rapid eye movements on the visual system.  While the former may be tiring, the latter goes seemingly unnoticed.   (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Why does the eye make these constant movements, called saccades?  “Saccades ensure that an attended object is foveated for high acuity processing,” Thiele writes.  But how does the visual center in the brain, like a digital screen made of neurons, give us the impression that our field of view is steady?  There are two possibilities.  The conventional view is that the brain has enough processing overhead to constantly interpret the scene.  Another, newer view is that the neurons compensate for the shifts in a pre-processing step.  Neurons may be synchronized to the eye muscles so that they are prepared for the changes, kind of like a screen synchronized to move in step with a vibrating projector.  Here it is in scientific jargon:Of particular importance for such adjustments may be neurons in the lateral intraparietal, frontal, and even early visual areas which shift their receptive fields shortly before the occurrence of a saccadic eye movement, causing an internal re-mapping of visual space.  These neurons signal that a saccade will bring an object into their field of view, even if that object has been removed from sight just before or during the saccade.  Such a re-mapping could result in predictive adjustments in early cortical areas that prepare for scene changes, thereby minimizing their negative impact, and maximizing rapid information processing following a saccade.  This requires a substantial amount of trans-saccadic integration.Experimental tests so far have been unable to determine which method the brain uses.  Either way, it’s amazing; these adjustments are made in fractions of a second.  “Psychophysical studies have shown that human perceptual abilities are exquisite and extraordinarily fast when extracting information during rapid serial visual presentation of natural scenes,” Thiele said.  His only mention of evolution was after noting the “surprising” evidence that our brain can detect and classify images even in the near absence of attention.  “This suggests that the human visual system has evolved to rapidly extract information from highly variable natural scenes….” 1Alexander Thiele, “Vision: A Brake on the Speed of Sight,” Current Biology, Volume 15, Issue 22, 22 November 2005, Pages R917-R919, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.10.057Just set aside that little piece of evolutionary fat, so you won’t lose your appetite.  As you visually scan that plate full of colorful, fragrant, tasty food, think about this one of all those senses taking in those cues.  You have a high-tech, integrated, super-fast, high-resolution video recording, processing, and display system, and it even has image stabilization.  “The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the Lord has made them both” (Proverbs 20:12).  Give thanks, and enjoy.(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Evolutionary Psychology Is So 1980

first_imgEvolutionary psychology, popular in the 1980s, has been criticized by some evolutionists as flawed in its basic assumptions.  In practice, evo-psych explanations were often so speculative, they amounted to little more than “evolutionary storytelling,” according to an article on PhysOrg.  Popular articles still arise from time to time telling us that our minds evolved to cope with hunting and gathering, not the stresses of modern city life (see for instance, “Evolutionize Your Life” from the 07/14/2011 entry).  A team now admits that the foundations of evolutionary psychology were always questionable.  But never fear, they say: new evo psych is coming! According to PhysOrg, a team of biologists, psychologists and philosophers from the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, the University of Cincinnati in America, and the University of St Andrews in Scotland, has published a new framework for the evolutionary analysis of the mind in PLoS Biology,1 entitled, “Darwin in Mind: New Opportunities for Evolutionary Psychology.”  Here’s what senior author Kevin Laland, former president of the European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association and proponent of niche construction evolutionary theory (see 02/04/2004), said in the PhysOrg article, “Evolution of the Evolutionarily Minded,” about the old paradigm: The current evolutionary psychology paradigm made sense in the 1980s, when modularity of mind was all the rage and everyone thought that evolution was slow. However, with the benefit of hindsight we can see that these assumptions were questionable, and [it] is now clear that the field needs a broader, theoretical framework. Recent developments in evolutionary & developmental biology and cognitive science provide some very exciting new avenues for research. We enter a new phase in the discipline. What were those flawed assumptions?  PhysOrg listed some: “e.g., that human behavior is unlikely to be adaptive in modern environments, that human cognition is task-specific, and that there is a universal human nature.”  The new thinking is that natural selection has acted on the human mind as recently as the last few thousand years, “which means that humans cannot accurately be portrayed as being adapted only to a Stone Age environment.”  In addition, today’s evolutionary psychologists downplay modular programmes and consider humans as capable of utilizing general learning rules.  And they give individuals and societies more of a role in directing their own evolution.  Those ideas won’t work with the old paradigm of humans as pawns of a prehistoric selection environment. In the PLoS Biology paper, the authors (abbreviating evolutionary psychology as EP) argue for a “redefined EP”.  But so far, it is just a framework for that “could use the theoretical insights of modern evolutionary biology as a rich source of hypotheses concerning the human mind, and could exploit novel methods from a variety of adjacent research fields.”  In other words, it’s an empty framework waiting to be filled.  Before erecting a new framework, it’s necessary to tear down the old: In the century and a half since Charles Darwin’s publication of the Origin of Species, evolutionary theory has become the bedrock of modern biology; yet, its application to the human mind remains steeped in controversy. Darwin himself wrote of cognitive evolution, most notably in The Descent of Man, where he suggested that like any other trait, human “mental faculties” are the outcome of evolution by natural and sexual selection and insisted that they should be understood in light of what he called “common descent”. This evolutionary interpretation of human cognition was taken up in the 1980s by contemporary evolutionary psychology, which rapidly became dominated by a school of thought stemming from the University of California at Santa Barbara (see Box 1). The essence of this brand of Evolutionary Psychology (EP) is neatly summarized in the famous quote that “Our modern skulls house a Stone Age mind”. But even early on, some ardent evolutionists have been merciless in their attacks on EP.  These authors’ 123 references include a 2000 work by Rose and Rose, editors, entitled, Alas poor Darwin: arguments against evolutionary psychology, one by D. J. Buller in 2009 called Four fallacies of pop evolutionary psychology, and one from Bolhuis (a co-author in the current paper) from 2005 called, whimsically, We’re Not Fred or Wilma. In that tradition, the authors proceeded to debunk the “Major Tenets of Evolutionary Psychology” – While much EP research describes human behaviour in terms of information processing, decision rules and cognition, the psychological adaptations can also be described at the level of the nervous system. Cognitive and behavioural neuroscientists have amassed a huge amount of research on the functioning of the nervous system, including the influence of genes on brain development. However, evolutionary psychologists rarely examine whether their hypotheses regarding evolved psychological mechanisms are supported by what is known about how the brain works. Here the role of evolutionary knowledge is less direct, and again relegated to the generation of novel hypotheses that can be tested using established protocols. In other words, who needs these storytelling clowns?  (Search on “evolutionary psychology” in our search bar for lots of laughs and groans.)  Who needs Darwin?  Human nature could have become the way it is since Noah.  Notice that they intimated that even King Charlie was out of touch with reality.  He only pretended to offer an approach for evaluating the human mind for future scientists, and his ideas are antiquated and wrong.  Now we are told that for 150 years his disciples have boldly tackled the mountains of ignorance, only to discover more ignorance.  They have admitted ignorance but offer us a more sophisticated ignorance.  Now they want to sell us used Darwinmobiles.  Don’t be a sucker.  We don’t need “Darwin in Mind”; we need Darwin-free minds. (Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The environment of evolutionary adaptedness: the idea that our minds were adapted by evolution to an African savannah or other conditions unfamiliar to modern-day humans. Gradualism, or adaptive lag: the inability of our genes to respond quickly to new environments. Massive modularity: the notion that the mind is made up of modular solutions to adaptive problems. Universal human nature: the belief that evolution gave us species-specific behaviors.  This predicts universal behavioral outcomes modulated by locally specified adaptive solutions. Most of the paper was concerned with discrediting these tenets.  In the last section subtitled “Towards a New Science of the Evolution of Mind,” they continued discrediting old EP, saying that it amounts to a kind of self-fulfilling prophecy: “we should be clear that such studies do not test the evolutionary hypotheses themselves, but rather test whether the predictions about the psychological mechanisms have been upheld.”  Scientists should expand their causal toolkit: “alternative evolutionary explanations, for instance that a history of cultural group selection has selected for this trait, and non-evolutionary explanations, are also plausible.” The authors agree with Nobel laureate Niko Tinbergen, who said that understanding human behavior needs to do more than account for its function and evolution; it needs to explain its causation and development.  How would neo-EP fulfill this requirement?  “A modern EP would, as standard practice, conduct empirical studies designed specifically to test between multiple competing adaptive and non-adaptive explanations, and would test the evolutionary historical, as well as the proximate, aspects of its hypotheses,” they answered.  Then they expanded on how a new framework could address Tinbergen’s fourfold requirement. In short, they did not offer any explanations for human behavior: no data, no experiments, no results.  The entire paper primarily discredited EP, only offering, in any positive sense, a vague suggestion that something should be done about the awful mess: A modern EP would embrace a broader, more open, and multi-disciplinary theoretical framework, drawing on, rather than being isolated from, the full repertoire of knowledge and tools available in adjacent disciplines. Such a field would embrace the challenge of exploring empirically, for instance, to what extent human cognition is domain-general or domain specific, under what circumstances human behaviour is adaptive, how best to explain variation in human behaviour and cognition. The evidence from adjacent disciplines suggests that, if EP can reconsider its basic tenets, it will flourish as a scientific discipline. That last sentence implies that EP is not a scientific discipline.  It needs to get its house in order to qualify as one.  See also 06/26/2008, “Will Evolutionary Psychology Be the First Darwinian Theory to Go?” and 05/02/2008, “Human Mind Outwits Darwinian Models.”  Search also on Evolutionary Psychology in these pages. 1.  Johan J. Bolhuis, Gillian R. Brown, Robert C. Richardson, and Kevin N. Laland, “Darwin in Mind: New Opportunities for Evolutionary Psychology,” Public Library of Science Biology, 9(7): e1001109, published July 19, 2011; doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001109. OK, so everything they told you is wrong; it was just storytelling based on wrong assumptions.  Anybody have faith that they will get it right from here on?  If so, we have some beachfront property to sell you on the Isle of DeBris. This paper will be a good source for quote mining by Darwin critics.  In addition to the above, check these out: While evolutionary analyses may generate clues as to the mechanisms of human cognition, these are best regarded as hypotheses, not established explanations, that need to be tested empirically. In the 1980s, four major tenets of EP crystallized, and these ideas became widespread. While not all evolutionary psychologists endorse the Santa Barbara perspective, these ideas have nonetheless shaped the broader field, and remain extremely prevalent. In parallel, emerging trends in evolutionary theory, particularly the growth of developmental systems theory, epigenetic inheritance, and niche-construction theory, have placed emphasis on organisms as active constructors of their environments …. By constructing their worlds (for example, by building homes, planting crops, and setting up social institutions), humans co-direct their own development and evolution. Evolutionary biologists have also measured the rate of response to selection in a wide variety of animals , finding that evolutionary change typically occurs much faster than hitherto thought. A recent meta-analysis of 63 studies that measured the strength of natural selection in 62 species, including more than 2,500 estimates of selection, concluded that the median selection gradient (a measure of the rate of change of fitness with trait value) was 0.16, which would cause a quantitative trait to change by one standard deviation in just 25 generations. If humans exhibit equivalent rates, then significant genetic evolution would occur over the course of a few hundred years. While fast evolution is far from inevitable, there is nonetheless strong evidence that it has frequently occurred in humans. EP has yet to come to terms with the possibility of recent, rapid genetic changes with their potential for associated neural rewiring. However, many evolutionarily minded psychologists, evolutionary biologists, and philosophers of science disagree with the theoretical proposals put forward by the Santa Barbara evolutionary psychologists, and the discipline has been the subject of intense debates.last_img read more

Old Mutual makes Fortune 500

first_img14 July 2005Financial services group Old Mutual has joined Anglo American and BHP Billiton as South African-based companies which have made it into the top 300 global firms on the prestigious Fortune 500 list, Business Day reports.The Fortune Global 500, to be released by Fortune magazine later in July, puts Old Mutual at position 278, up from 304 the previous year.Fortune measures companies by their revenue rather than market capitalisation, the newspaper reports. Old Mutual’s revenue grew by 22% to US$20.9-billion in 2004. The average revenue growth for the top 500 companies was 13%.Despite a few slow years after it listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1998, Business Day reports, Old Mutual’s growth has taken off in the past couple of years largely because of a turnaround in fortunes at its US asset management and insurance business.“We have performed well in all our key geographical areas and we look forward to more of the same in the years to come,” Old Mutual CEO Jim Sutcliffe told Business Day.Last year, Old Mutual’s US life business increased its contribution to about half of total new life business at the group. Nearly three-quarters of its asset management clients are now in the US and UK.The inclusion of Anglo American, BHP Billiton and Old Mutual on the list shows that multinational South African companies have used their global presence to boost revenue, according to the newspaper.Anglo American moved up from 275 to 213 on Fortune’s list, while BHP Billiton increased revenue 47% in 2004 to move up 100 places to 241, Business Day reports. Mittal Steel enters the Global 500 for the first time at 253, thanks to record steel prices. Surprisingly, brewing giant SABMiller is not included on the list of the 500 biggest companies.SouthAfrica.info reporterlast_img read more

New homes for low-income families

first_imgHabitat For Humanity in South Africa hasmade new homes available to more than3 000 families over the past 15 years.(Image: Habitat For Humanity) The Mashile family in Orange Farm receivethe keys to their new home from Eugene Drotskie, GM of Nedbank Home Loans.(Image: Jenni Newman PR) MEDIA CONTACTS • Adrienne Burke  Communications, Habitat For Humanity SA  +27 21 657 5640 RELATED ARTICLES • Drive to help clear housing backlog • SA’s housing drive ‘taking shape’ • New technologies for social housing • SA housing innovation on show in US • Housing projects to curb SA slumsJanine ErasmusHabitat for Humanity’s annual Corporate Blitz Build week has resulted in new homes for 44 families in poor communities around South Africa.The Blitz Build is a joint project of the South African chapter of the global humanitarian NGO Habitat for Humanity (HFH), the national Department of Human Settlements and a number of private companies.With an initial target of 50 houses in total, the building project took place from 3 to 7 October in Orange Farm in Gauteng province, Mfuleni in the Western Cape and Umbumbulu in Kwa-Zulu Natal.Volunteers from the Industrial Development Corporation, Nedbank Home Loans, Microsoft South Africa, 3M, the Deutsche Bank Africa Foundation, ArcelorMittal South Africa and others, gave five days of their time to build brand new houses for needy families.They were assisted by professional builders, who ensured that the houses went up within the allotted time, and were of an acceptable standard.The event coincided with World Habitat Day, which this year fell on 3 October. In 1985 the UN declared that the first Monday of October each year should be set aside as a day of reflection on the need for adequate housing for all.In recognition of the work done by HFH in South Africa, the UN awarded its 2009 Habitat Scroll of Honour to the Gauteng project, which in that year took place in Alexandra, east of Johannesburg.To date the housing organisation, which began its local operations in 1996, has helped 3 143 families in 34 communities across Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and the Western Cape.This year will also see the completion of the 500 000th HFH home worldwide – this achievement will be celebrated in Kenya.The wait is overThe bulk of the building took place in Orange Farm, a large informal settlement located between Johannesburg and Vereeniging on Gauteng province’s southern border.Here, 34 houses, of the 39 originally planned for the community, took shape within the five days, while the balance was constructed in the two other provinces.Jethro Mashile and his family were the beneficiaries of the Nedbank Home Loans initiative in Orange Farm. Having lived for 12 years in a tiny two-roomed house, the family were delighted to have more space.“We are happy, happy, happy,” said Mashile’s wife Wendy.Both are unemployed, with a meagre social grant as their only regular income. To support themselves and their two children, they take whatever temporary employment they can find, such as collecting metal cans, which brings in a small sum of money when the cans are handed in for recycling.The Mashile family has been on the government’s low-cost housing list for six years. Now, with a brand new four-roomed house with electricity and running water, the parents feel they can offer their children a better future in a decent home.“We’ve been involved with Habitat for Humanity since 2004,” said Eugene Drotskie, the GM of Nedbank Home Loans. “We consider this exercise to be a natural extension of our day-to-day work of helping people to acquire a home, and we find that it contributes to team-building as well.”Nedbank Home Loans staff participated in all three building initiatives in 2011.“People in our Cape Town and Durban branches were beginning to complain about being left out,” said Drotskie.The project also falls in line with the banking group’s corporate social investment policy, which is led by the Nedbank Foundation and focuses on challenges such as health, job creation, community development and education.last_img read more

Echo Launches “Real-Time As A Service” [Live Video]

first_imgKhris Loux and his company, Echo, have always had a tentative relationship with the lowly blog comment. Echo launched in 2009, described as a “blog commenting platform” much like Disqus. Right from the beginning, however, Echo went beyond the comment and aggregated all sorts of real-time data from around the Web to pull into the section normally reserved for comments. Now, Echo has gone beyond declaring the death of the comment and re-launched as a “real-time as a service” platform. At its re-launch event today, the company brought out the big guns to show off just how useful it thinks its new incarnation will be. We got a chance to talk with them beforehand to go beneath a bit of the flashiness and we got a glimpse of a service that adds a new building block onto the Web and could bring the real-time Web to previously untouched corners of the Internet.Moving On from the Static PageWhen we spoke to Echo CEO Khris Loux the other day, he laid it out for us quite simply.“In the ways that print gave way to TV, static pages will give way,” said Loux. “The challenge for the rest of the publishers on the Internet is that they’re running static websites. The revenue has moved on from those sites.”He went on to explain that the primary form of real-time interaction on most sites is through Facebook comments or “likes” or Facebook Connect and, while those are good and valid tools that publishers should still use, they are not enough. According to Loux, the main problem there is that “Facebook and Twitter still control the experience and ultimately control the revenue.”The answer to all of this, of course, is the new version of Echo, which acts as a “real-time as a service” platform. It can help aggregate all manner of real-time data – from Facebook posts to Tweets to comments to blog posts on your own site – and help you and your users to interact with the content.“Real-Time As A Service”“We are putting forth the notion of ‘real-time as a service.’ Just like a start-up would no more build their own data center, a publisher or start-up should no longer build real-time. You could build Plancast with this. You could build Yammer,” said Loux. “The Web is becoming designing blocks and Echo, real-time as a service, is the new block in town.”In many ways, Echo has done this all along – it has allowed publishers to pull in and aggregate real-time content to display, in real-time, on their site. The big difference now is that the service is acting more as a real-time platform and less as a simple service to display real-time content. Once it pulls in the data, it stores it and lets you work with it. It “socializes” it. It lets you interact with the data in ways that are based on what users do with it. They can vote content up or down, comment on it, share it socially, and based on these actions the publisher can display it differently. And, of course, it’s all in real time. As Loux put it, Echo “doesn’t care” what type of content you’re dealing with, once it’s in the system it can be treated the same as any other.What Can Echo Do?If you want to see the new Echo in action, you can take a look at the Sports Illustrated World Cup site from last year, which uses the new service. It aggregates on-site content, tweets and photos to create a real-time site about the World Cup. Another site, set up for teen idol Greyson Chance, shows off the ability to pull in content and interact with it in different ways. In this case, the stream of pictures is created from Tweets using the #WOTL hashtag. But, as Loux pointed out, it would only take another step to turn the entire page into a contest, letting users vote on each others’ pictures and displaying them according to votes. That’s the type of interactivity that echo is trying to enable with its new service.Will it work? The company is coming out today with a number of big names, from NBC to Sports Illustrated to Reuters and Newsweek. But these are all companies that could certainly afford to build their own real-time components. The real question is whether or not small companies will use Echo as the real-time building block that Loux envisions. If Echo can bring the real-time Web to publishers big and small alike, in a way that they can interact with and own the content, it could make a big splash. Stay tuned below to watch today’s launch event, live from SF MOMA.Live TV by UstreamVisit the Official e2 Launch Microsite A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#news#Real-Time Web#web Related Posts mike melansoncenter_img Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Smokin’ Hot Tips for Autodesk Smoke

first_img5. Change the frame rate of the resolutions you import most often as frame sequences to the project frame rate you use most often (24,25, 30).  Example: Change the 24 to 30 in the 1920 1080 line and that resolution will now default to 30 (29.97) fps for frame sequences.NOTE:  If  you put 0 (zero) as the frame rate in the file it will default to the project frame rate automatically. 6. Save the file and restart Smoke to refresh the data. In the Media Hub you can now import the sequence and it will be the new frame rate.I hope that you find these tips helpful. If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comments below. Keep checking back to Premiumbeat for more Autodesk Smoke information! Here are 3 hot Autodesk Smoke tips that will allow you to expand on the workflows to get the most out of the software.Tip #1: Visual Rendering Inside ConnectFXIn previous versions of Smoke, when the tools were module based and separate you could render inside Action and see your composite update frame by frame. This allowed you to catch any keyframe errors or other user mistakes and fix them without having to wait for the entire render to finish.  With ConnectFX, this rendering option isn’t available.  Many users coming from older versions have requested it.However, until it becomes an actual feature, I have a creative workaround. for rendering inside Smoke ConnectFX.1. Create a CFX Clip by right clicking on your final node. You can use the CFX Result Node, but if you do, there is a small bug.2.  Once your CFX Clip is created, find it in the Timing display. If you did choose to use the CFX Result Clip, you will need to trim the end of the clip and extend the out point to match the number of frames you need for your timeline clip.3.  Go to the first frame. Select the clip. Press [F1] to view it. Then simply hit Play in the Viewer. Your clip will attempt to play. As it does, it will actually render each frame as it plays.4.  Once the clip is done and rendered you can play it in real-time. If you like the result, you can simply pipe the clip output in to the CFX Result Node and exit.Here’s the catch. Even though this clip is rendered when you exit.. there’s still some rendering to be done.  This honestly makes no sense and something I intend to point out to Autodesk.  So there is a workaround for the workaround. Copy your rendered CFX Clip from the Sources folder to your library.  Exit CFX, now just use the Replace hotkey [F11] to replace the original timeline CFX with your rendered CFX Clip.  You can still go back and edit it as needed.5.  If you found an error, or wanted to change something, just make the adjustments in the nodes, delete the CFX Clip you made and create a new one.Now you have an option to visually render your ConnectFX clips.Tip #2: Copy Color Correct EffectsOften times you want to apply the same Color Correct effect across clips that all come from the same source.  For example, if you are cutting a 2 camera interview, you make want to apply the same grade to all of the clips of your subject. Here is a quick way to copy color correction effects across clips in Smoke.1.  Add a CC or CW effect to your first clip.2.  Now use the Timeline Search and Filter Tool to find all of the shots in your sequence that come from that same clip or “tape name”.  The tool is accessed from the little Magnifying Icon in the lower right of the timeline.The Search & Filter Tool is really a great way to highlight events in your edit. There are numerous selections you can make from, clip name, timecode, tape name, Cue Marks, and even use it to filter and highlight clips that have effects on them or transitions.3.  The easiest way to input the criteria you want is to press the “Get Information form Current Element” button which will populate the fields with the properties of the currently selected clip, or wherever the positioner is focused.4.  Choose Select on Current Track or All Tracks, whichever makes the most sense for you.5.  Your clips are now highlighted in your timeline.You now have 2 options to copy your CC effect to all of the selected clips:1. Copy your CC Effect into the Media Library before you make your Filter Selection. Then after your clips are highlighted, just drag the effect on to one of the highlighted clips and the effect will be applied to all of them or…2. In the Effects Bar, right clip and Copy the CC Effect. Then right click on a highlighted clip in your timeline and choose Paste Color Correct.If you try and drag and drop the effect from the effects bar, it will deselect your clips in your timeline. So use the saved effect from the Media Library or the copy/paste method. Now you can easily copy effects to multiple like clips in your timeline.Tip #3: Change the Default Frame RateThis tip will help you change the default frame rate for frame sequences that you import in Smoke. By default the frame rate of still sequences often come in at a frame rate that doesn’t match your project settings. The default frame rate is 23.98fps, so if you are in an NTSC or Pal Project, this can create some frustration for you.  It is possible to change the frame rate via the UI in the Media Hub, but you often need to make this adjustment every time, and that’s annoying to the user.Here is why this happens.When a frame sequence is imported via the Media Hub, it will look at the header information for the file and read the frame rate. But some, if not many, frame sequences don’t contain header information. .Jpg, .Tiff, .Tga. for example don’t have the ability to specify frame rate. Sometimes DPX is detected wrong. So these frames get imported not at the project frame rate, like you would expect, but they default to a little known file in the Smoke configs. This file is the Legacy.res.cfg file in /usr/discreet/cfg. In the MediaHub Metadata Tab it will tell you if it’s getting the info from this file.If the frame sequence resolution isn’t detected in the header, it will check it against this file. If it isn’t found in the file it will then default to the project setting.If you work in consistent frame rates like I do. Then you can modify this file to force it to be the framerates your use most. Again this mainly applies to frame sequences imported without existing header information.  Actual clips will still import normally with embeded frame rates.1. Open Finder. Hit Shift+CMD+G.  This will open the Go To Folder Option.2.  Type “/usr/discreet/cfg”  (without quotes). Press Enter.3. You may need to give yourself permissions to edit these files. I would give yourself permissions to the entire /cfg folder.4. Open the Legacy.res.cfg file in a text editor.last_img read more

Price Is An Expression of Value

first_imgPrice isn’t value. But price is an expression of value.When your prospective client tells you that your price is too, what they are saying is that they don’t perceive enough value to pay that price. So the question you have to answer is “Do you sharpen your pencil or do you sharpen your value?”Sharpening your pencil reduces the perception of value; it’s an admission that you aren’t creating enough value to command that price. Sharpening your value increases the perception of value (and sometimes, believe it or not, you can actually improve your value by raising your price).Even though there is nothing you can do about your competitor’s price, often times that is what your price is being measured against. If you can’t justify what you do different and how that makes a measurable difference for your prospective client, then you can’t expect to command a higher price.You need to understand your prospect’s perception of value.You need to ask your prospect how are they assessing value. You need to uncover what they need to see that would increase their perception of value?Price is an expression of value. Your prospect is objecting to your price. But the way you overcome that objection is to treat it like they are objecting to the value you are proposing.The Other SideIf no one ever objects to your price, then there isn’t any question that you are creating a perception of value. Instead, the question is whether or not you are capturing enough of the value you create.If no one every pushes back on your price then it’s likely you aren’t charging enough.QuestionsIs price really the objection? Or is the perception of value too low?How do you understand your prospect’s perception of value?How do you change your prospect’s perception of value? Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Nowlast_img read more

Report: Rosenborg 0 Celtic 1

first_imgScott Sinclair boosted Celtic’s chances of qualifying for the next round of the Europa League with the only goal in a 1-0 win at Rosenborg that ended the Norwegian side’s hopes of progressing.Sinclair headed in an excellent right-wing cross from James Forrest shortly before half-time to earn a crucial Group B victory at Lerkendal Stadium on Thursday.Celtic host Salzburg – who have already qualified as the pool’s winners – on matchday six next month knowing a draw is enough to send the Scottish champions into the knockout stages. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Man Utd ready to spend big on Sancho and Haaland in January Who is Marcus Thuram? Lilian’s son who is top of the Bundesliga with Borussia Monchengladbach Brazil, beware! Messi and Argentina out for revenge after Copa controversy Best player in MLS? Zlatan wasn’t even the best player in LA! Tom Rogic and Odsonne Edouard missed Celtic’s best chances in a lively opening from Brendan Rodgers’ side, who took the lead in the 42nd minute.Forrest, who scored five goals in two games for Scotland over the international break, brilliantly beat Tore Reginiussen and delivered a wonderful deep cross for Sinclair to head in.Rosenborg appeared to have an eye on Sunday’s cup final against Stromsgodset, with Rini Coolen’s side lacking intensity during an attempted second-half fightback.Edouard saw an effort blocked by team-mate Ryan Christie as Celtic sought a clinching second, but Samuel Adegbenro missed a good headed chance from a Rosenborg corner at the other end.And although the hosts – yet to earn a point in Group B – mounted some late pressure, Celtic held on for their first away win in the Europa League since the competition was rebranded for the 2009-10 season.Salzburg’s 1-0 home win against RB Leipzig, secured thanks to Fredrik Gulbrandsen’s second-half goal, means Celtic only need to avoid defeat to qualify when the Austrian side head to Glasgow on December 13.The Celts move up to second in #UEL Group B! #RBKCEL pic.twitter.com/Fvdjm2ho5g— Celtic Football Club (@CelticFC) November 29, 2018 read morelast_img read more